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About Cuttack

Map of Cuttack District of OrissaBetter known as the Business capital of Orissa, Cuttack is one of the oldest city in the country. Situated between the rivers Mahanadi and Kathajodi, Cuttack is famous world over for filigree works on gold and silver, horn and brass work, silk and cotton textiles and leather works. Also known as the Millennium city,it lies in close proximity to Bhubaneswar,Puri and Konark.Established in the year 989 A.D.,it remained the capital of Orissa for nine centuries till 1948 when Bhubaneswar was made the capital city.

Geography

Situated between 84°58' to 86°20' east longitude and 20°03' to 20°40' north latitude, the district of Cuttack covers 3932 sq.km. The District of Ctttack lies in the centre of Orissa, occupying the deltas of the Mahanadi and Brahmani, together with a hilly tract inland. It consists of three physical divisions:

  • The marshy woodland strip
  • The intermediate stretch of rice plains
  • The broken hilly region that forms the western boundary of the district.

The Marshy Woodland Strip

The marshy strip of land along the coastal regions of Cuttack is covered with swamps and malaria-breeding jungles. Towards the sea the solid land is replaced with a vast network of streams and creeks, whose sluggish waters keep on depositing silt, and forming quicksand. The intermediate rice plains stretch inland for about 40 m. and occupy the older part of the delta between the sea-coast strip and the hilly frontier. They are intersected by three large rivers, the Baitarani, Brahmani and Mahanadi. These rivers run through the heart of the Orissa mainland forming three gorges in the frontier hills. The Cuttack delta is divided into two great valleys, one of them lying between the Baitarani and the Brahmani,'the other between the Brahmani and the Mahanadi.

This valley is inundated with waters during the period of monsson creating a network of a thousand channels that interlace and establish communication between the main streams. After numerous bifurcations they find their way into the sea by three principal mouths. Silt-banks and surf-washed bars render the entrance to these rivers perilous. The best harbour in Cuttack district is at False Point, on the north of the Mahanadi estuary.

The Intermediate tract

The intermediate tract is a region of rich cultivation, dotted with great banyan trees, thickets of bamboos, exquisite palm foliage and mango groves.

The Broken Hilly Tract

The hilly frontier separates the delta region from the rest of the land. It consists of a series of ranges, 10 to 15 m. in length, running nearly due east and west, with densely-wooded slopes and lovely valleys between. They are very steep, and covered with jungle.The most interesting of them are the Assa range is laden with sandal trees.The historically important monument of Udayagiri (Sunrise-hill), with its colossal image of Buddhais found in this range.

The city experiences a hot and humid climate in Summer, characterized by temperature going up as high as above 40 °C and a dry and cold climate in Winter, with mercury dipping to as low as below 10 °C. Summer starts at the end of March, the effect of which is felt till the middle of June when monsoon sets in. Monsoon rains lash the city during September to middle of October and supply most of the city's annual average rainfall of 144.39 cm.Winter season, between November and beginning of January is characterized by wind chill from north and long nights when sun sets in around 5:30 p.m. IST in December. Winter is not so harsh here. Between middle of January to the middle of March, the climate is pleasant with temperatures ranging a minimum of 22.2 °C and a maximum of 33.4 °C, which is ideal to visit the city.

History of Cuttack

Entrance to the Barabati FortThe word “Katak” etymologically means army cantonment and also the capital city. The history of Cuttack amply justifies its name. The city of Cuttack started as a military cantonment because of its impregnable situation that further evolved into the capital of the state of Orissa. Inscriptions of Anangabhimadeva III refer the original city as Abhinab-Baranasi-Katak. Like the city of Baranasi situated in between Baruna and Asi,Cuttack is situated between the rivers Mahanadi and Kathajodi and was therefore named as Abhinab Baranasi (Newtype of Baranasi).Cuttack developed into a city out of five villages of Choudwar Katak,Saranasi Katak,Sarangagarh Katak, Viraja Katak and Amaravati Katak.

The ancient Cuttack was founded by King Nrupa Keshari of Keshari dynasty in 989 A.D. as a military cantonment. It was then connected both by land routes and waterways with other ports like Tamralipti and Palur. It was however not until the rule of the Somvamsis that the city became the capital of the state. And the importance of the city rose during the rule of The Gangas once Chodagangadeva transferred his capital from Kalinganagar to Katak.The famous Barabati Fort was constructed in 1229A.D.by the famous Ganga ruler Anangabhimadeva III.

During subsequent periods Orissa passed into the hands of different rulers but the city enjoyed its status as the Capital of the state. Even during the rule of Mughals the city was the dwelling place of the Mughal Governor. During the rule of Marathas,Cuttack greatly prospered as an emporium of trade and commerce and became a central market of exchange between the Marathas of Nagpur and the English merchants of Bengal and Northen Circar.

Ravenshaw College, the first premier education institute of OrissaThe treaty of Deogaon, saw Cuttack passing into the hands of Britishers 1803 and the City was used as the administrative base for the region. However, soon the downfall of the city began. It was only after the Na'anka famines of 1866 that the Government took steps for the advancement of the region. Subsequent periods saw the establishment of railways and waterways to provide communication to the city.Also the Ravenshaw college, one of the most reputed institutions to impart of higher education in Orissa was set up. Orissa Medical was established in 1875 following the establishment of Cuttack general hospital in 1874.The Cuttack Municipality came into existence in 1876.The first Newspaper of Orissa “UtkalDipika” was published by the Cuttack printing Company by Gourisankar Ray in 1866.In 1923 two new educational institutions were opened in Cuttack.One was Cuttack Training College and the other was Orissa School of Engineering,which developed out of the old survey school separated from the Ravenshaw College in 1915 and from the Government workshop located at jobra.

During Freedom Struggle,Swaraj Ashram of Sahebazada Bazar was the center of all nationalist activities. The Ashram is place of pilgrimage for all Gandhites as Gandhiji indoctrinated the youths of Orissa with the mantra of truth and nonviolence.

 Cuttack enjoyed the unique privilege of being the administrative and commercial nerve center of Orissa till the year 1948.After the formation of the Orissa province in 1936, it was exalted as the head quarter of the new province. “A stadium know as the Barabiti Stadium has been built on the famous Killa Maidan near the Barabati fort.The High court of Orissa came into existence in 1948.In 1948 Akasvani (All India Radio)was established in the old Madhupur building of Cuttack.

Many architecture of historical importance have been built in the city. Remains of an old fort called Barabati still exist in the heart of Cuttack with the moat around the fort. The fort was constructed by Raja Nrupa Kesari of Somvamsa in the late 9 the century.

The Holy Historical Sikh Shrine "'The Gurdwara Daatan Sahib' is based in Cuttack.It is said that first Sikh Guru, Shree Guru Nanak Dev halted on his way to Puri. It is believed that a tree planted by him after using it as a Tooth Cleaner still flourishes here, hence the name Daatan Sahib.

During the period numerous Muslim monuments have built at Cuttack .QADAM-E-RASOOL town enjoyed for a pretty long time the honor of being the seat of Political authority of the Muslims in Orissa. Built by Shujaddin Khan ,the Qadam-I-Rasool is a monument of great beauty adorned with four flat domes and pavements in all directions with magnificent dome in the centre.It contains the foot print of the Prophet engraved in a circular stone. The dome outside is adorned with a golden pinnacle.Another splendid Muslim architecture is the Shahi Mosque that is situated inside the Barabati Fort.

Industries in Cuttack

Handicraft Sector

Cuttack is traditionally known the world over for works in handicrafts. It’s industrial culture is predominant since time immemorial due it’s traditional culture of handicrafts, horn works and cottage industries. Cuttack District acts as a proto of State’s industrialization with mushroom growth of tiny and small scale industries in its semi urban and rural areas.

Sl.
no

Name of the Enterprise

    Location

   Products

Investment
(Rs in Crores)  

Employment     
  

1.

Orissa Industries

 Baranga

S.W.pipes

2.00

126

2   

Manishree refractories & Ceramics Pvt. Ltd.

I/E, Cuttack

Refractories

10.66

400

3.

Ecof Detergents

New        I/E.Jagatpur

Detergent cake

1.30

35

4.

Aarti Steels Ltd.

Ghantikhal,
Athagarh

Sponge Iron & Steel ingots

1000.00

518

5.

Maheswary Ispat

Rampei, Athagarh

Sponge Iron & Steel ingots

210.00

258

6.

Biraja Steel & Power

Suneimuhan
Athagarh

Sponge Iron

50.00

150

7.

Trupti Drinks

New I/E.Jagatpur

Soft drinks

6.22

240

8.

Paradeep Oxygen

New I/E.Jagatpur

Oxygen Gas

1.30

45

9.

Cosboard Industries

New I/E,Jagatpur

Kraft Paper,
Writing, printing & news print paper

24.81

260

10.

Orissa Magnetics

CDA,
Cuttack

Empty Cassette

2.00

29

11.

Rawmet Industries

Anantapur
Athagarh

Ferro Chrome

100.00

85

 

 

General information on Cuttack

AREA   3,733Sq.Km.   POPULATION 23,40,686
 SUBDIVISIONS  3 LITERACY RATE 76.13%
TOWNS 9   HEADQUARTERS   Cuttack
POLICE STATIONS 27 VIDHAN SABHA SEATS 10
BLOCKS 16 VILLAGES 1,865
TAHASILS 10 FIRE STATIONS 5
N.A.C 2 FOREST 163.65Sq.Kms.
GRAM PANCHAYAT 274 TEMPERATURE 42.0(Max), 7.5(Min)
MUNCIPALITY 1 RAINFALL   1587.4mm(Avg)  
       SUBDIVISIONS       Banki,Athagarh ,Cuttack
TAHASILS Athagarh,Banki,Baramba,Darpani,Narsinghpur,
Choudwar,Tangi,Tigiria,Niali,Cuttack
BLOCKS    Salepur,Banki Sadar,Athagarh Sadar,
Tigiria,Narasinghpur,Gobindpur,Baramba,Kantapada,
Niali,Mahanga,Cuttack Sadar,Tangi,Dampada,Krisnanagar,Baranga,Choudwar    

 

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